If you’re going to play music on the guitar, you’re probably going to read tablature at some point in time. Tablature is very easy once you get an understanding. Also, if you stick with guitar, you’re going to have to know more techniques than just the basic ones. Here I write on how to read tablature, and some advanced Guitar Techniques.
Tablature is very simple. Usually it will have 6 lines with the word TAB written vertically over on the left. The thing to remember is that official tablature is ALWAYS written so that the string at the top is the 6th, and the string at the bottom is the 1st. There are always numbers within the lines, and those are fret numbers. Usually, most tabs will have some kind of key. They vary form source to source. Usually, h will mean hammer on and p will mean pull off. Books usually use symbols. For example, for a bend they will have the fret and then draw a curved line up to the fret it needs to be bent to..
As you can see the numbers indicate the fret. The x’s by the chords will indicate that the string is closed. As you can see when the lines curve to two frets, sometimes they have a letter above them. For example at the beginning the 0 and 2 have a H. The H indicates a hammer-on.
Now to move on to some advanced guitar techniques. When reading tabs, you might see a chord that has all the frets the same. This is called a bar. If someone tells you to bar the guitar from the 3rd string and 3rd fret that would mean you would lay your finger flat on the 3rd string from the 3rd fret down. Doing that would result in also hitting the 3rd fret of the 1st and 2nd strings. Beginners will usually have a hard time to bar. A good way to get your bar more clear is to play every note individually before you actually play the bar as a whole. For example, if you were to bar the 3rd fret of down from the 4th string, you would have to play each 3rd fret of each 3rd string individually. By doing this, you can see which notes you are messing up on and how to correct them.
Another technique used in guitar is called tapping. Tapping isn’t too advanced, but is used in more advanced music. For tapping all you do is repeatedly tap the fret without actually playing the note. So if you were to tap the 2nd fret of the 1st string, you would just repeatedly tap the fret.
To end it off, I’ll finish with harmonics. Harmonics produce a pretty sound, and aren’t too hard. They don’t work with every single frets, and the most common are 5th, 7th, 10th, and 12th. To do harmonics you have to see the metal piece which separates frets. Then, you put your finger on top of the string directly above the metal. You lay the finger as flat as possible and DO NOT press down on the strings. If all worked well, when you pick the string you should get a harmonic sound.
Reading tablature is a requirement for all guitar players and will help you throughout your guitar career. Learning the advanced techniques will make you a better guitar player and will add more skill to your music. They both are lessons that are vital to playing the guitar.